**Pipes and cisterns shortcuts and tricks in English/Hindi**– Hello friends, once again I welcome all of you for another most important Math trick explanation. This Math trick will help you in the preparation of SSC CGL, RRB, RRB NTPC, UPSC & SSC GD Exams. Its name is **Pipes and cisterns shortcuts and tricks in English/Hindi**

**Pipes and Cisterns Formulas and Tricks**

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**In Pipe And Cistern, I am going to discuss some important Pipe And Cistern Problem Shortcut Tricks which are frequently asked in SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, FCI etc Exam.**

(Q1)Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 20 minutes and 30 minutes respectively.If both pipes are opened together, the time taken to fill the tank is.

**Solution: Fig.**

**Rate of Filling the tank by A and B in 1 minute=3+2=5 unit**

**So, total time taken by Pipe (A+B)=60/5**

** =12 minutes Ans.**

**[Concept:** **First step-L.C.M=20,30=60 i.e total unit. now 60/20=3 unit per minutes tank filling by pipe A and 60/30=2 unit per minutes tank filling by pipe B.]**

(Q2) A tap can empty a tank in 30 minutes. A second tap can empty it in 45 minutes. If both the taps operate simultaneously, how much time is needed to empty the tank?

**Solution: Fig.**

**Rate of emptying the tank by 1st and 2nd tap in 1 minute=(3+2)**

** =5 unit**

**So, total time taken by (1st+2nd)tap=90/5**

** =18 minutes Ans.**

**[Concept:** **First step-L.C.M=30,45=90 i.e total unit. now 90/30=3 unit per minutes tank emptying by 1st tap and 90/45=2 unit per minutes tank emptying by 2nd tap.]**

(Q3)Three tapes A, B, C can fill an overhead tank in 4, 6 and 12 hours respectively. How long would the three taps take to fill the tank if all of them are opened together?

**Solution: Fig.**

**Rate of Filling the tank by A, B and C in 1 hour=(3+2+1)**

** =6 unit**

**So, total time taken by (A+B+C)=12/6**

** =2 hours Ans.**

**Common Type Of Pipe And Cistern Problem Shortcut Tricks That Are Frequently Asked In Various Competitive Exam like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, FCI etc. Type-1.1 **

(Q1)A water tank can filled by a tap in 30 minutes and another tap can fill it in 60 minutes. If both the taps are kept open for 5 minutes and then the first tap is closed, how much time 2nd tap will take to fill the remaining tank.

**Solution: Fig.**

**Rate of Filling the tank by 1st tap and 2nd tap in 1 minute=(2+1)**

** =3 unit**

**[Concept: From fig.**

**According to question 1st tap and second tap को 5 minutes तक एक साथ खुला रखा गया है तो दोनों 5 minutes में कितना water fill करेगा वो निकाल लेंगे| 5 minutes के बाद तो 1st tap बंद कर दिया जा रहा है तो सिर्फ अब tank के remaining unit को fill करने के लिए 2nd tap ही बचा है तो वो कितना time लेगा वो निकाल लेंगे. ]**

**Rate of Filling the tank by 1st tap and 2nd tap in 5 minute=5×3=15 unit**

**Remaining=60-15=45 unit that is filled by 2nd tap**

**So, total time taken by 2nd tap=45/1**

** =45 minutes Ans.**

(Q2)Three pipes A, B and C can fill a tank in 6 hours, 9 hours and 12 hours respectively. B and C are opened for half an hour, then A is also opened. The time taken by the three pipes together to fill the remaining part of the tank is.

**Solution: Fig.**

**Rate of Filling the tank by A+B+C in 1 hour=(6+4+3)unit**

** =13 unit**

**[ Concept: From fig.**

**half an hour तक B and C tank fill करेगा |half an hour के बाद A को open किया जाता है तो अब A, B and C मिलकर करेगा| ]**

**Rate of Filling the tank by B+C in 1 hour=(4+3)unit**

** =7 unit**

**Rate of Filling the tank by B+C in half an hour=7/2 unit**

**Remaining unit=36-(7/2)=65/2 unit**

**So, total time taken by (A+B+C)=(65/2)/13**

**=2 ½ hours Ans.**

(Q3)Three pipes A, B and C can fill a tank in 6 hours. After working together for 2 hours, C is closed and A and B fill the tank in 8 hours. The time(in hours) in which the tank can be filled by pipe C alone is.

**Solution:**

**Let tank fill by A+B+C in 1 hour= 1 unit**

**Tank fill by A+B+C in 6 hour= 6 unit**

**After working together for 2 hours then**

**Tank fill by A+B+C in 2 hour= 2 unit**

**Remaining = 6 – 2=4 unit that is filled by A and B because C is closed**

**Rate of filling of A+B in 1 hour=4/8=0.5 unit**

**Rate of filling of C in 1 hour=1-0.5=0.5 unit**

**Time taken by C = 6/0.5= 12 hours Ans.**

**Common Type Of Pipe And Cistern Problem Shortcut Tricks That Are Frequently Asked In Various Competitive Exam like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, FCI etc. Type-1.2 **

(Q1)A tank has two pipes. The first pipe can fill it in 4 hours and the second can empty it in 16 hours. If two pipes are opened together at a time, then the tank will be filled in.

**Solution: Fig.**

**Rate of filling the tank by 1st pipe= 4 unit per hour**

**Rate of emptying the tank by 2nd pipe= 1 unit per hour**

**Net rate of filling the tank=4-1=3unit**

**so required time=16/3=5 ¹/3 hours Ans.**

**[concept:****जब एक pipe tank को fill(भर)कर रहा हो or दूसरा empty(खाली) कर रहा हो तो जो pipe tank को fill कर रहा होगा, तो उसका Rate of filling the tank (+ve) में लेना है or जो pipe tank को empty कर रहा होगा तो उसका Rate of emptying the tank ( -ve) में लेना है| इसलिए figure में +ve or -ve लिया गया है.]**

(Q2)Two pipes A and B can fill a cistern in 3 hours and 5 hours respectively. Pipe C can empty in 2 hours. If all the three pipes are open, in how many hours the cistern will be full?

**Solution: Fig.**

**Rate of filling a cistern by A= 10 unit per hour**

**Rate of filling a cistern by B= 6 unit per hour**

**Rate of emptying a cistern by C= -15 unit per hour**

**Net rate of filling the tank by (A+B-C)=10+6-15**

** =1 unit per hour**

**so total time taken by (A+B-C)=30/1**

** =30 hours Ans.**

**Common Type Of Pipe And Cistern Problem Shortcut Tricks That Are Frequently Asked In Various Competitive Exam like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, FCI etc. Type-1.3**

(Q1)Two pipes A and B can fill a tank with water in 30 minutes and 45 minutes respectively. Another pipe C can empty the tank in 36 minutes. First A and B are opened. After 12 minutes, C is also opened. The tank is filled up in.

**Solution: Fig.**

**[ Concept: From fig.**

** ]**

**Rate of filling the tank by (A+B) in 1 minute=(6+4)=10 unit**

**Rate of filling the tank by (A+B) in 12 minute=12×10=120 unit**

**Remaining=180-120=60 unit that is filled by A, B and C**

**Rate of emptying the tank by C = -5 unit per minute**

**Net rate of filling the tank by (A+B-C)=(6+4-5)**

** =5unit per minute**

**so required time taken by (A+B-C)=60/5**

** =12 minutes**

**Total time=12+12=24 minutes Ans.**

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